Good morning, Monarchs!
As you likely already know, every essay needs to have a thesis statement. In fact, the thesis statement is the most important sentence in your essay, yet it is often the most challenging to write. Use the guide below for guidance on how to write a strong thesis statement, no matter you topic.
What is a thesis statement?
A thesis statement is a single sentence that clearly states your argument to the reader. When writing five paragraph essays, the thesis statement is always the last sentence in your introduction.
Thesis statements have three characteristics:
- They respond to the prompt – Your thesis statement needs to state your answer to a prompt, and the rest of your essay supports that answer.
- They state an argument – Your thesis statement needs to be argumentative, meaning that someone could disagree with your claim. Your body paragraphs provide evidence that supports your thesis statement in order to drive your point home to your reader.
- They are either open or closed – Read more about open and closed thesis statements below.
Open and Closed Thesis Statements
There are two types of thesis statements: open and closed.
- Closed thesis statements list the topics in your body paragraphs. These topics must support the claim in your thesis statement. Students are usually expected to write closed thesis statements in the ninth and tenth grades.
- Closed Thesis Example: Loki, the Norse god of mischief and mayhem, represents the complicated nature of Norse families, morals, and chaos.
- Open thesis statements do not list the three body paragraph topics. Instead, they use an umbrella term to address all of the topics in one short phrase. Students are usually expected to write open thesis statements in the eleventh and twelfth grades.
- Open Thesis Example: Loki, the Norse god of mischief and mayhem, represents the complicated nature of moral development in Norse children.
In the examples above, notice how the open thesis statement uses the umbrella term moral development to refer to the three supporting claims in one phrase: families, morals, and chaos. The closed thesis statement, however, simply lists the three ideas so the reader knows exactly how the author plans to support the claim, “Loki represents the complicated nature of morality in Norse society.”
Extra Tips for a Strong Thesis Statement
Here are some extra tips that can help you to write strong, clear, and concise thesis statements.